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What Is Causing My Neck Pain?

The neck is both extremely flexible and capable of supporting your head. These qualities are an important part of how the neck functions, but it does make it vulnerable to painful symptoms. Below are some prominent causes of these symptoms:

Muscle strain

Muscle strain is a common cause of neck pain, often as a result of overuse.

A classic and rather common example of such overuse is when you spend a lot of hours hunched in front of your smartphone or computer. However, your neck muscles could also be sprained by small things such as gritting your teeth or reading when you are in bed.

Wear and tear in your joints

Your neck is a joint as well and much like other joints tends to become worn out with age. The cartilage cushion between your bones can decay over time and this could be because of conditions like osteoarthritis.

In these cases, the body forms bone spurs and they have a bad effect on the motion of your joints. This causes pain as well.

Compression of nerves

The bones in your neck, also known as vertebrae, can develop spurs and the disks can become herniated. These can put pressure on the nerves of your neck. They can branch out from your spinal cord and thus lead to pain in the neck.

Whiplash Injuries

There are several injuries that can lead to neck pain. For example, car accidents that result in whiplash. In this case, your head gets jerked backward followed by a forward motion. This strains the soft tissues that are there in the neck.


There are a few diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, and meningitis that can cause pain in your neck.

How to prevent neck pain?

In most cases, neck pain happens because of a combination of wear and tear due to age and bad posture. You should also try and keep your head centered on your spine. This would prevent the occurrence of neck pain. You can also make some simple changes to your daily routine, such as:

  • using a good posture
  • taking breaks on a frequent basis
  • adjusting your desk, computer, and chair in such a way that you are at ease while working
  • not tucking the phone between your ear and shoulder when you walk
  • quitting smoking 
  • not carrying heavy bags that have straps over the shoulder
  • sleeping in a good position

Common Causes of Knee Pain


The most common cause of knee pain is an injury, often taking the form of one of the below:

  • ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) injury
  • knee bursitis
  • fractures
  • patellar tendinitis
  • torn meniscus

A knee injury typically affects the ligaments, bursae, bones, muscles or tendons found in this area of the body. An injury is often caused by a twisting or bending force applied to the knee joint, for instance caused by a fall, accident or during sports. Pain is your body’s way of telling you that it has been injured.

Mechanical problems

Biomechanical issues are another common cause of knee pain. Some of the most prominent examples are:

  • Loose body – if part of the knee or surrounding tissue degenerates and floats below the kneecap, it can interfere with movement in the joint and cause painful symptoms.
  • Dislocated kneecaps – the kneecap can be dislocated by a sudden blow or change in direction. This can cause severe knee pain and restrict movement of the knee.
  • Iliotibial band syndrome – this condition affects important stabilising tissues around the thigh and knee. A potential cause might be poor training habits, poor flexibility of muscle, and other mechanical imbalances in the body, especially involving the lower back, pelvis, hips, and knees
  • Foot or Hip Pain – pain or injury in another part of the body, can cause you to walk and move differently. This is known as an antalgic gait. The redistribution of weight can cause pain or other health issues in further areas of the body, such as the knees.


Arthritis is a major cause of knee pain. There are more than 100 various kinds of arthritis,  but the types with the highest chance of affecting the knee include:

  • osteoarthritis
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • gout
  • pseudo gout
  • septic arthritis

Risk factors

There are a number of other factors that can cause knee pain. The most prominent among them include:

  • Excess weight
  • Certain occupations and sports
  • Age
  • Lack of strength and flexibility in the muscle
  • Previous injuries in the area.

Conclusion: There are many causes of knee pain, the most common of which are outlined above. If you experience knee pain as described, it is important to seek specialist advice to prevent the issue from getting worse and to resolve symptoms.

The Right Way to Exercise

The first step that you need to take if you want to exercise the right way would be to get advice from your doctor. There are several health conditions out there that can be benefited immensely by exercise but it would still be good to talk to your doctor first. A doctor has a great deal of expertise in this regard and as such they are well placed to advise you. It is fairly well known that exercise can be helpful if you are suffering from chronic conditions such as asthma, heart disease, or diabetes. However, exercise is essential to maintaining a healthy and well functioning musculoskeletal system.

Looking and feeling the part

If you are not comfortable with what you are wearing when you are working out you may not be able to exercise properly, which is far from desirable. You can be sure that when you look and feel the part you would also be a lot more confident in this regard as well. This is why you need to wear clothes that would not restrict your blood flow and movements.  

Following rules of hydration at the time of workout

Staying hydrated is good for your health. This is especially true for your workout regimen. When you are working out you will sweat. This could lead to the risk of muscle cramps. However, if you are hydrated this need not be a concern. If you are properly hydrated it will also help the metabolic system of your body function the way it is supposed to. At the very least, you should be consuming 64 ounces of water each day. There are also rules to be followed for workout related hydration.

Using the right kind of warm up exercises

Before you take part in any workout, it is important that you take part in some warm up exercise. You need to do this for a period of at least 5 minutes. This would help your muscles feel warmer and your heart rate would go up as well. There are a number of options that you have in this regard and they may be enumerated as below:

  • brisk walking
  • light jogging
  • jumping jacks
  • stationary jumping jacks

The basic idea here is that you have to increase your heart rate.

After Exercise

When you complete a workout there is always a chance that your muscles could be stiff and in pain. However, if you have a proper cool down regimen you can be sure that you can be sure to address this problem a lot better than what would have happened otherwise. When your muscles are warm you can also perform standing stretches, where you breathe deeply and hold your muscles in a certain position for around 30 seconds. This helps make your muscles longer and they are a lot more flexible as well. 


When you exercise it important you follow all the previous stages:

  • Wear appropriate clothing that will support your workout
  • Stay hydrated
  • Warm Up
  • Cool down

Treating Painful Shoulder Conditions

Treating painful shoulder conditions often involves the following steps:

  • Change your daily activities, allowing sufficient rest to let the area heal
  • Appropriate exercise and stretching to return strength and flexibility
  • Ensure that you neither overexert or underexert in your habitual activities to promote optimum healing. This requires a degree of balanced common sense.

Depending on the severity of the shoulder injury you may need advice or treatment from a specialist, as outlined below.

Taking medicines

Your doctor would usually prescribe medicines in order to bring down the pain and inflammation. These may be in the form of over-the-counter medicines or, for serious inflammation, might involve a steroid injection. The frequency and dosage that you will rely on to treat painful symptoms will be advised by your doctor.


Physiotherapists are trained specialists and are able to help:

  • Reduce painful symptoms
  • Heal the area quicker
  • Reduce long term problems resulting from the injury

They often do this through targeted stretching and strengthening exercises, although therapeutic techniques such as acupuncture or massage are often also helpful.

Occupational Therapy

An occupational therapy can help with habits that might be difficult in the healing period. These might include things such as, dressing, certain work tasks or other household chores. An occupational therapist can provide helpful advice and techniques to create optimal healing environments.

Shoulder Surgery

If the injury is too severe to heal on its own or with other conservative measures, then surgery may be recommended as a final treatment option.

Some shoulder issues such as some kinds of rotator cuff tears and repeated dislocations are not effectively treated with simple measures, such as exercise. In these circumstances either your Doctor or another specialist may recommend surgery. There are a range of surgical techniques and procedures used to correct a wide range of painful shoulder injuries. Your shoulder surgeon will be able to advise on the most appropriate technique in your particular case.

How to Lose Weight Healthily

If you are serious about losing weight in a healthy manner there are a few things that you must keep in mind. The first thing would be to set goals that are realistic. Even the best athletes in the world know that they would not win the title on the first try. This is why you need to be smart about the goals that you set. You may be aiming to lose 50 pounds in a year but you need to have some defined checkpoints in the previous period as well.

Never count the calories

This may sound to be an absurd suggestion but it is true! Health experts would instead want you to pay attention to the quality of the food that you are eating. It is very important that you spend more time on educating yourself about the kind of food that you can eat so that you lose weight. You need to know how to be smarter when you are shopping for and cooking your food. This would help you be more strategic with your eating and you would be able to reduce your regular calorie intake too.

Eating everything in moderation   

You can be sure that the moment you decide you are going to ban a certain food or food group from your diet you are going to end up wanting it even more. This is the reason why you need to eat everything but in moderation. You may have set some rigid rules regarding cutting out a certain food group from your daily diet but if you cannot follow it up you would feel that you lack self-control or willpower. This would de-motivate you significantly. You need to include as many foods as you can from various food groups.

Being patient with your sugar intake

If you have decided to cut sugar off completely from your list of foods that you eat on a regular basis you need to understand the basic fact that after a point in time your body is going to crave it for sure. There is not a lot of research that can tell you how long this would continue. This is because it tends to vary from one person to another. However, you can be sure that when you finally accomplish this you would feel like you are not missing anything at all.


If you are someone who works a desk job – at home or at office – you need to be active. This means that you need to make it a habit of getting up and walking for around 10 minutes at a time after every couple of hours. This will make sure that you feel less stressful and, thus, have less of an inclination to head to the kitchen. Since you are consistently moving your mindset would be shifted and you would be able to disrupt your regular routine.     

The Common Causes of Foot Pain

There are a range of conditions, injuries and diseases that can lead to foot pain. Feet bear the brunt of our weight and activity every day and as a result they are particularly prone to painful pathologies.

Below are some of the most common and some key information about each.

Achilles Tendonitis: This is essentially an injury of the Achilles tendon when it is used more than it should be. The Achilles is a band of tissues that act as a connection between the calf muscles and the heel bone. The calf muscle is located at the back of your lower leg. This injury is common among runners who have rapidly increased the duration and intensity of their runs. It is also pretty common in middle-aged people who regularly take part in sports, such as basketball and tennis.

Achilles tendon rupture: This is an injury that affects the hind or posterior part of your lower leg. It occurs mainly in people who take part in sports on a recreational basis. The Achilles tendon is a fibrous cord that is really strong. If you stretch this tendon excessively it may be torn or ruptured. This may be a partial or complete tear or rupture and patients often hear a pop at the time. It would be followed by an immediate sharp pain in the affected area.

Bone spurs: Bone spurs are basically bony projections that develop along the edges of your bones. In medical parlance they are also referred to as osteophytes. They often form at places where the bones meet each other, also known as the joints. The main cause is damage resulting from osteoarthritis. In most cases these do not cause immediate pain and thus go without detection for years.

Broken foot: This is one of the most intuitive causes of foot pain. As the name would suggest, this is an injury to the bone and there could be a wide range of causes. It could be a simple misstep, fall, or a car crash. The cause also determines how serious your injury is. It could be a tiny crack in your bones. It could also be a break that pierces through your skin. The treatment depends on how severe the injury is and the precise location in the foot.

Broken toe: Broken toes are common and normally are due to dropping something heavy on the foot or stubbing the toe. Such injuries are normally treated by taping the broken toe to an adjacent toe. However, if the fracture is severe, taping may not work. This is especially true for breaks of the big toe.

ACL Injuries: One of the most common knee injuries

The term ACL stands for anterior cruciate ligament. This is the location of one of the most common knee injuries.

The ACL is among the tissue bands that hold the bones in your knee together, which also provide stability to your knee. There are many ways that you can tear or stretch your ACL. It could be a sudden movement. It could also be because of a sharp or quick turn when you are jumping or running.

More often than not, an ACL injury can be very painful. When your ACL is injured you would find it hard to walk or put any pressure on your leg.

First aid

The most appropriate treatment for an ACL injury will depend on a number of factors, including how severe the injury is. There are a number of treatment options that your doctor might suggest. The most basic option is part of First Aid. This is sufficient only when you have suffered a minor injury. The First Aid will involve putting ice on your knee, staying off your feet for a certain period of time, as well as keeping your leg raised. You can also wrap your knee with an ace bandage to help reduce the swelling. You may also use crutches in order to keep the weight from your knee.


Normally anti-inflammatory medicines are prescribed by the doctors. Their main purpose is to reduce the pain and swelling. In some cases, she or he may prescribe stronger medicines. If you have excessive pain, your doctor may inject steroid medicines in your knee.

Knee brace

If your ACL has been damaged you may have to wear a knee brace. This is especially for when you are running or taking part in any sporting activity. It provides the additional support that you need for these activities.

Physical therapy

In some cases of ACL injury, you would need physiotherapy a few days in a week. This would help your knee get back in working order. During these sessions you would be doing exercises that make the muscles that surround your knee stronger. They would help you get back the full range of motion as well. You would be shown the exercises with the expectation that you would also do them at home.  

Surgery: Surgery is very much a last resort. However, it is normally needed where your ACL has been torn so badly that nothing else can be done. Surgery to correct an ACL tear is pretty common among athletes. However, you may also have to get surgery done on your ACL if it gives away when you are walking. This would essentially involve the removal of the damaged ACL. It would be replaced with tissue that would help a new ligament grow in its stead. If you undergo physical therapy after surgery you should be fully fit to play professional sports 12 months after the surgery.

Conditions That Cause Back Pain

It is said that prevention is always better than a cure. This often applies for conditions that cause back pain.

Core Strengthening or Flexibility Exercises

One of the best ways to prevent back pain is through exercise.

When you exercise on a regular basis it helps make you stronger and it is easier to control your body weight. Low-impact aerobic exercises can make your heart healthier and at the same time without minimal pressure on or chance of injuring the back or spine. However, before you get started with an exercise programme you should talk to a doctor or an expert first.

Broadly, there are two kinds of exercises that you can do – core-strengthening exercises and flexibility exercises. Core-strengthening works on your back and abdominal muscles. These muscles become stronger and protect your back. Flexibility training will make your core a lot more flexible, along with your lower and upper limbs.


Diet is also an important part of the process of preventing back pain. Make sure that there are sufficient amounts of vitamin D and calcium in your diet, as these are needed for your bones to be healthy. When your diet is healthy it would have a positive effect on your weight.


It has normally been seen that a lot of people who smoke on a regular basis suffer from back pain as well. This is in comparison to people who do not smoke in the same age group and have the same height and weight.

Body weight

The weight you carry and the place you carry it are also rather important factors in this particular regard. It can decide whether you develop back pain or not. Obese people are normally at far greater risk of developing back pain compared to people who have a normal weight. The same is also applicable for people who have more weight on their abdomen compared to their butts and hips.

Standing posture

When you are standing you need to make sure that your pelvic position is a natural one. You should stand upright and your head should be facing forward. Your back should be straight and your weight should be balanced in an even manner on both feet.

Your head should be in line with your spine and your legs should be straight.

Seating posture

When you choose a seat for work, choose one that provides good support to your back. It should provide you proper arm rest as well as a swivel base. When you are sitting you should keep your hips and knees level. Your feet should also stay flat on the floor. You can also use a footstool if you want. Ideally, you should be able to sit in an upright position. The small of your back should have all the support that you need in this case.     

The HyProCure Procedure

The HyProCure Procedure is a permanent surgical solution for your flat feet fixing an implant into the area of the feet known as the Sinus Tarsi. The Sinus Tarsus is a space that occurs naturally between your heel bones and the ankle bones. If your feet are aligned properly your sinus tarsi would always be in an open position. If your feet are not aligned properly it would collapse when you put weight on your feet. This means that simple actions such as walking, jumping, and running would be bad for your sinus tarsi and, by extension, your feet. In spite of this condition being so common, it is undertreated.

This is a common problem

It is seen among people of all ages across the world. Our feet are the very foundation on which our bodies depend for support. Even if one foot is aligned the wrong way it can have a bad effect on the upper parts of your body, such as knees, back, and hips. It could cause a lot of other side effects or symptoms.

The solution

HyProCure is fundamentally a titanium stent that is placed in your sinus tarsi in order to make sure that the area does not collapse.

This in turn means that your ankle bone is stabilized. One of the greatest aspects of this process is that it is minimally invasive. The procedure can be performed under local anesthesia and will stabilise the foot. This also allows a normal range of motion at the joint. This way, the overall alignment and balance of your feet and ankle are improved. The arch of your foot would appear to be normal as well. In fact, most patients treated with this procedure start to walk normally within a few weeks.

After the treatment, over a number of months the bones, ligaments, and tendons all across your foot and the entire body continue to adapt to this improved position.

A few quick facts about HyProCure

FDA (Food and Drug Administration) of the USA (United States of America) cleared this particular procedure back in 2004. It is an evidence based procedure. Foot and ankle surgeons in more than 40 countries around the world use this particular procedure.

Patients include both adults and children who have various levels of activity. The HyProCure implant is made from titanium and this means it would never set off metal detectors. This means that you would be able to take CT (computed tomography) scans and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) tests without any problem whatsoever.

Conclusion There are certain situations where HyProCure could be just what the doctor ordered. Apart from misaligned feet if you have pain in your heels, hammertoes, and bunions, the HyProCure procedure could be the answer.

Finding a Bone Specialist

It is important to have trust and confidence in those who care for your health. For this reason diligence is required when identifying a specialist to advise on or treat a bone condition. There are many steps in this process, the most important of which are outlined below.

Seek Recommendations for a Bone Specialist

You can always get started by asking your main general doctor for a referral. You may also get a good recommendation from other healthcare professionals, family members and friends. It is important that you do some research on your own. Look up the credentials of the doctor as well as her or his experience. There are plenty of websites from which you can get some great information.

Researching the Credentials of the Doctor

One of the first things that you need to check is proper certification. Your chosen doctor needs to have been certified by an appropriate authority. When a doctor is certified it means that she or he has the right training, experience and skills needed to treat you. This means that they would be able to cure the problem that you may be facing right now. You should also make sure that the doctor you have chosen has never been penalized for malpractice.

Consider Her or His Experience

Experience is also a vital factor when it comes to choosing such doctors. There is often a correlation between a doctors experience and the level of benefit they can provide to a patient. You can always ask the doctor how many people with your condition she or he has treated already. In case you already know that you need a certain procedure you can ask the doctor how many such procedures has she or he performed earlier.

Consider the gender

It may be necessary to ensure you are at ease with the gender of your bone specialist. This is because you might have to discuss personal information openly with her or him and you may not be comfortable in doing so with someone from another gender. In this context you can also ask them about the recent training that they may have had with respect to your gender and the condition that you are suffering from. You may also ask her or him about her or his experience in this particular regard.

Conclusion : In the end you need to look up the quality of the healthcare facility where your treatment would be done. This is because you need the best and you cannot really compromise. Normally people who have been treated at highly rated healthcare facilities have fewer complications and their survival rates are a lot better. You must also take into account the location of the hospital. Quite often, after a procedure you may have to visit the facility frequently for follow ups and rehabilitative care. As such, the location needs to be a consistent one as well.

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Mr Kaser Nazir was my second opinion foot specialist after not being happy with the "verdict on my future before". I had a plantar plate injury. For a full time professional dancer teacher this was devastating. After meeting Mr Nazir I felt instantly reassured and I knew this is all going to be good. He Continue Reading

Monika Molnar

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Recent Posts: London Musculoskeletal Centre | Orthopedic & Sports Medicine

What Is Causing My Neck Pain?

What Is Causing My Neck Pain?

The neck is both extremely flexible and capable of supporting your head. These qualities are an important part of how the neck functions, but it does make it vulnerable to painful symptoms. Below are some prominent causes of these symptoms: Muscle strain Muscle strain is a common cause of neck pain, often as a result

Common Causes of Knee Pain

Common Causes of Knee Pain

Injury The most common cause of knee pain is an injury, often taking the form of one of the below: ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) injury knee bursitis fractures patellar tendinitis torn meniscus A knee injury typically affects the ligaments, bursae, bones, muscles or tendons found in this area of the body. An injury is often